JUNE 1984


The army went into Darbar Sahib not to eliminate a political figure or a political movement but to suppress the culture of a people, to attack their heart, to strike a blow at their spirit and self-confidence.
– Dr Joyce Pettigrew
The Sikhs of the Punjab (1995)


The Government wanted to destroy Sikh history. Otherwise how do you explain the fire? It [Library] was set on fire two days after the action. It was a collection of ancient books, Khardas, handwritten beeds, Janam Sakhis and Hukamnamas.
– Giani Kirpal Singh
Surya magazine (1984)


The slaughter of young Sikhs brought in from the villages in the surrounding countryside shows that it was an attack directed at the fabric of Sikhism, in short to give the irksome Sikhs a bloody nose, humble them forever and remove the threat of any further revolt.
– Lord Indarjit Singh
Sikh Messenger (1984)

Writer and broadcaster Harwinder Singh Mander summarises what took place during the invasion of the Darbar Sahib in Amritsar, in what the Indian Government called Operation Bluestar.

naujawani-published articles on June 1984

The children of 1984

by Harwinder Singh Mander
6 June, 2016

Why 'Never Forget 84'?

by Upjeet Kaur
9 June, 2014

Never Forget 1984

by Ranjit Singh ‘Kuki’ Gill
6 June, 2011

What can we build with cement?

by Ranjit Singh ‘Kuki’ Gill
6 June, 2012

Subdued in State

by Ranjit Singh ‘Kuki’ Gill
10 July, 2012

What will this memorial signify?

by Ranjit Singh ‘Kuki’ Gill
22 May, 2013


Three deacdes after the events of June 1984, Sikhs across the World commemorated the thirtieth anniversary in vast numbers. Young people who were not even born in 1984 joined with the generations that had lived through the time to reflect and remonstrate in equal measure. Earlier in 2014, the National Records Office of the United Kingdom had released original documents of correspondence exchanged between the British and Indian Governments some six months before the invasion of the Darbar Sahib. These indicated that the British Government was not only aware of the impending invasion, but had actively engaged in the preparations towards it. The following articles authored by Harwinder Singh Mander throughout that time, considered where Sikhs stood and how the community could act.

A British role in 1984

13 January, 2014

Giving context to the revelations of British involvement in the invasion of Darbar Sahib.

React! Don’t do it…

5 February, 2014

Outlining the limitations of Govt inquiries and pondering what we think restitution is.

Activate and Boycott

31 March, 2014

Commenting on the call to boycott Downing Street Vaisakhi celebrations.

30 days until 30 years

1 May, 2014

Highlighting the ongoing problems in Punjab on the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary.

The events of 1984

4 June, 2014

What took place in June 1984 continues to impact lives decades later.

All they want is to progress

11 June, 2014

What constitues progress in Punjab following the events of 1984?



Gunisha Kaur’s ‘Lost in History 1984 Reconstructed‘ provides a comprehensive, nuanced and accessible account of recent human rights violations in Punjab, especially during the last quarter of the 20th century. The book engages with primary source material and eyewitness accounts, and serves as an excellent reference book for modern Sikh issues.



by Harwinder Singh Mander | 1 Jun, 2015
Why countering the State narrative is vital


by Shamsher Singh | 6 Jun, 2014
The BBC World Service documentary ‘Gunfire over the temple’

REVIEW: Innocents lost in 1984 - Akaal Publishers

Reclaiming the narrative of 1984 is vital for Sikhs to give voice to the community-wide feelings of anguish, frustration and fury. Akaal Publishers produced a creative work that took a great stride towards that in the UK with the audio dram ‘Innocents Lost in 1984’. Read our review here.


Less is known of the sister to Operation Bluestar, an action codenamed Woodrose. In fact so little is known about Woodrose that we can’t be certain of what it entailed, although most writers are of the consensus that it involved Bluestar-type incursions into major-Gurdware and institutions across the Punjab and India. Read more…

Poetry and Music from the Diaspora

1984, can it be forgotten?

Illustrated Thoughts

'84 everyday

Harwinder Singh Mander


Humble the Poet featuring Sikh Knowledge


Ishmeet Kaur

When Lions Roar promo 2010

Sikh Activist Network


Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale

The collated work of naujawani on Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale

November 1984

Making our work on the events of November 1984 accessible from one space


Their Last Stand feature film

Updates and information about our feature length film ‘Their Last Stand’.

June 1984 related sources

10 days of Terror

National Sikh Youth Federation (NSYF)

Audio articles on June 1984

Sikh Siyasat

Blue Star over Amritsar

Sikh Education Council (SEC)